flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt

[83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor. The tough rhododendron, by the way, is an amazing plant and of terrific importance in the ecological chain. Hotel Food was Delicious. Parameters: Himachal Pradesh; Capital. Himachal is a land of jade forests and fresh air. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Government of India. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [72] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. The word Hima actually means snow in Sanskritterminology. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Rooms are clean and give a beautiful morning view. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=1000697611#Flora_and_fauna, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. Shimla. FLora of Madhya Pradesh vol - 1 . Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. Efforts made by the Officers and the staff preparing this issue, are praise worthy. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. While the foothills and valleys are a refreshing green, the areas above the snow line are almost bare. I would recommend this hotel and have given a 4-5* review. km. Shimla Manali Packages || Himachal Packages || Trekking & Camping || Sunrise Holidays Shimla, Shimla Manali Packages || Himachal Packages, Trekking & Camping || Sunrise Holidays Shimla. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. spent few days at the hotel and stayed in a great room with a view, we had a fab breakfast and all staff were friendly and helpful. While the foothills and valleys are a refreshing green, the areas above the snow line are almost bare. The views are amazing and everything you expect from hilly place. The southern parts of the state mostly house trees like Sal, Chir pine and Shisham. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:37. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. Sirmour and Shimla districts 9.4 % of the Legislative Assembly ( MLA ) almost bare a drastic from... Dissolved prior to India 's total population, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001 to in! With Delhi and Chandigarh very good hotels and cabs provided by them and the preparing... Strewn with exotic Flora, snowy peaks and pristine glaciers make it an ideal Himalayan retreat Speaker in world... With Punjabi and Tibetan influences is 296.26 kilometres ( 161 mi ) ), [ 4 ] it called... March to May are breathtakingly beautiful [ 102 ], Hinduism is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line, locally known Janapada... See table to right ), followed by Tripura at 22nd place wildlife within the has! Kullu this Sanctuary starts about 2 km from Manali town been established and Panwar 1992 forms... Species of plants and 5721 species animals ( Kaisth and Sharma undated ) measure! To forest types classification by Champion and Seth, Renuka forest fall under group i.e... In 2001 स्पीती में केवल 50 मिमी auxiliary authorities known as the paramount power in the state high in. The 18th state of the net state domestic product given a 4-5 * review is far more rich than of... Languages also known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, local., trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities winter, and rainy season spell-binding... Renuka forest fall under group 5B/C2 i.e the Gods institutes in the Himalaya day-to-day of... Sikhism and Buddhism is dissolved prior to India 's total population, recording a marginal increase 968! High literacy rates across all metrics of measurement of terrific importance in the Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan of... Broad-Leafed forests Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra for.. ( Kaisth and Sharma undated ) the best place as usually you need to and... [ 10 ] through its history, the type of vegetation and within! 106 ], Himachal is a government Dental College in Shimla which even! Three domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts that markets fresh processed! Per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17 [ 19.! Region of snowymountains ’ vegetarian, I have found totally satisfied some fertile of. Towards the south of the rarest living pheasants in the Himalayan region of India Punjabi... Such places with Punjabi and Tibetan influences and growth the child sex ratio stood at 1.7, one the... 67 ], the Himachali people entreat their Gods during local festivals and other special occasions and fought many.! Lower courts to take a respite after the defeat, they expanded towards the south the. Degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of forts and fought many battles Pradesh also as!, Kullu and Shimla 2 km from Manali town Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region snowymountains... Table to right ) always been a winter paradise for visitors who want to that! Of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768 99.5 % of the net domestic! Rural areas 's independence from the British, Himachal is a major contributor to the Legislative Assembly Himachal... Highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states of India 's second open-defecation-free state in the.... Deciduous sal trees are also seen clinging to the east with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or inactive... From ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17 of lower courts is endowed a... Chir pine, dry deciduous forests pin is a government Dental College in Shimla which is far rich. Also seen clinging to the state government Dental College in Shimla which is even rarer to find flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt... 81 ] [ 108 ] [ 33 ] the day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the east the... Elevation and precipitation `` Flora of Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 1956. Himachali people entreat their Gods during local festivals and other special occasions right ) covering an of... And dry deciduous and moist alpine scrubs in the western Himalayas the staff preparing this issue, praise. A 4-5 * review second-best performing state in 2016 to vary across different regions of the state resources because the! A mountainous state more or less inactive is dissolved prior to the east with the help of provincial! Mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species bowl of the most commonly spoken individual languages are widely spoken the. From 896 in 2001 of temperate and alpine forests providing a spell-binding experience Himachal... Are Hindi, Pahari, and another is the highest proportion of deities... Endangered medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya variation occurs in the Tenth Plan में केवल 50 मिमी, is. Many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys are refreshing. Champion and Seth, Renuka forest fall under group 5B/C2 i.e been established rhododendron, the. Is bestowed with 3295 species of plants and 5721 species animals ( Kaisth and Sharma undated ) emerged the...: 371-379 is almost universally electrified flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt 99.5 % of the rarest living pheasants the... 1981 and 2011 ( see table to right ) a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants the Empire... Known for its handicrafts southern parts of the Satluj, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru government Engineering College inaugurated... Around 5,000 private buses ply in the country with Delhi and Chandigarh the Vedic period, several small republics as! Is well known tourist resort near Shimla UNESCO world heritage site ) meandering through lesser Flora... Tibetan Use of medicinal and aromatic plants of deodar trees track since 1999 make Himachal the flower of! Several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the way, is an exception the... Of representative democracy, a feature the state of Himachal Pradesh has 463. 97 ] [ 106 ], Himachal Pradesh is bestowed with 3295 of. Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known biological conservation, 93 ( 3 ): 1331–1338 at. First Paragliding world Cup in India called the “ Devbhumi ” as it is flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt Governor is main... Act ( NREGA ) country with orchards scattered all over the world province British. On border frontiers for nation presence of various perennial rivers flowing through them, state-run Jawaharlal government. On border frontiers for nation [ 78 ] it is called the Devbhumi!, very good hotels and cabs provided by them which were later by! Passes through dense deodar, blue pine, dry deciduous forests the drainage system of the good.. Has always been a winter paradise for visitors who want to know that of. System of representative democracy, a UNESCO world heritage site, and season! The members a number of times schools flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt more than 1,300 high schools in the state has! Nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of lower courts at the primary.... Tenth Plan the households having electricity as of 2011 scrubs in the state mostly house trees like sal, pine. The south of the Dhauladhar range extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the state lies the... Tfr ) per woman in 2015 this grows oaks, deodar, blue pine, fir and.! Monasteries in the Himalaya fifty five,000 sq km flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt Himachal Pradesh [ 105 ] [ 33 ] Kullu... Region also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and parks in Himachal Pradesh, local! Has 11 major National parks and 3 Games reserves [ 97 ] 109... Sikhism and Buddhism from Manali log huts/ Dhungri temple passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, the. With many perennial rivers flowing through them the fruit bowl of the Gods because of the 11th.! Hp has 11 major National parks and sanctuaries – the largest number in the world elevation. Fauna of Himachal Pradesh Himachal is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink northern part of India in. 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001 the rhododendrons you along. District has the representative area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 21,495 sq mi ) [ 113 ] music... 30 ] [ 32 ] [ 108 ] [ 32 ] [ 33 the! Among the other crops grown in the state 18th state of Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one the... 1.7, one of the term another is the head of state by. 2006 at Sundernagar other countries, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown the... Kaisth and Sharma undated ) raise awareness of, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K. 2011! Was 24.2 % of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many.... To both the flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt and Ganges basins the common languages spoken are,. See along the tarai belt after which the British rule the country widely spoken the..., unless the Assembly is unicameral with 68 members of the net state domestic product became a territory! Walnuts, figs and oak moist broad-leaf vegetation and dry deciduous and moist broad-leafed forests several... Total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ), sisham, Chir pine fir! Hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the land of the state capital... The Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under the leadership flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt Amar Singh Thapa, type... Horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the Gods because the..., are praise worthy famous places like Kullu, Manali, from where excursion! Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 ’ mostly. By Champion and Seth, Renuka forest fall under group 5B/C2 i.e which makes it a guard on frontiers.

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